story by Rose Kahele
photos by Dana Edmunds
Koko Marina Shopping Center’s Tae Kwon Do Center is a very noisy place right now. The nearly two-dozen three- to six-year-olds in the martial arts studio’s Panther class are doing drills, and their kicks, blocks and punches are delivered to the staccato rhythm of “I-LOVE-MY-TAE-KWON-DO!” and “I-LOVE-MY-MOMMY-AND-DADDY!” and “I-LOVE-MY-SCHOOL-WORK!” Earlier, they did their stretching exercises while singing the ABCs.
There are a lot of punches and affirmations thrown about over the course of the forty-five-minute class. But undoubtedly the biggest noisemaker in the 8,000-square-foot studio is Grandmaster Hee Il Cho, the center’s enthusiastic sixty-six-year-old founder and head instructor. In addition to his booming, gravelly voice that bounces off the studio’s mirrored walls, Choequal parts Mr. Miyagi and Sergeant Rockpunctuates his instructions by slapping together two large arm pads normally used during striking drills. The resulting sound is as loud as a thunderclap, but the children, some of them barely out of their toddler years, don’t even ﬂinch (unlike a few parents in attendance). The kids are too busy loving their tae kwon do.
“Teaching children this young is a difficult task,” says Cho. “At this age, it’s much like preschool, where they learn how to be separated from their parents and be comfortable in a strange situation. They come to the studio. They run. They exercise and have fun. I try to play with them and show the kids a little affection early onbefore we start and I get strict. That way they know I support and like them and I’m not trying to be mean.”
Cho, still well-muscled and pretzel flexible in his seventh decade, is a martial arts icon. He is a master of tae kwon do, the Korean martial art renowned for its powerful striking and acrobatic kicks.
A ninth-degree black belt, he’s won more than thirty national and international tournaments, been inducted into just about every martial arts hall of fame on the planet and has also starred in four Hollywood movies, playing a martial arts competition judge in two films (Bloodsport II and Bloodsport III) and a coach and a revered teacher in two others (Best of the Best and Fight to Win). He has written eleven books, produced seventy instructional videos and promoted more than 4,000 black belts over a four-decade-plus teaching career. In 2005, Cho was named the Tae Kwon Do Times’ teacher of the year, one of his many teaching awards. And then there are the magazine covers, maybe the most telling indicator of Cho’s stature in the martial arts community: He has been featured on more than fifty covers of various martial arts magazines. Only Bruce Lee has been showcased more.
There was a time when it was unimaginable that Grandmaster Cho would be instructing the tots now found in his Panther class. Thirty years ago, tae kwon do was almost exclusively an all-boys club and populated by a lot of very tough boys at thataccording to Cho, in those days, classes always ended in full-contact sparring, and, without the use of protective gear, students and instructors often went home with a broken nose or rib. But tae kwon do, martial arts and the world changed. And so, too, did Cho.
Cho whe southern city of Pohang, in 1940. World War II was raging, and the country was in constant conflict and chaos. From a young age, Cho, the oldest of three boys, was charged with finding food for the family. He was often unsuccessful.
When he was ten, Cho, short and frail from a childhood of malnutrition, was badly beaten at a town fair by a gang of bullies. Days later, with his bruises but not his pride healed, Cho vowed to never be victimized again and joined the local tae kwon do school. The conditions were primitive and the teaching methods were decidedly old school: The young Cho, who would train five or six hours a day, didn’t receive any individual instruction. He would perform novitiate duties like washing his master’s feet, and it was an entire year before his teacher uttered a word to him. Cho and his fellow students weren’t even allowed to walk in their master’s shadow.
“There weren’t many martial arts schools in Korea in those days. I was lucky that we had one close by,” says Cho. “I jumped right into the group and followed what he and everyone else was doing. At that point, it was really about self-protection for me. I needed those skills.”
To build his strength, Cho began rudimentary weight training, making his own barbells by tying concrete blocks to long sticks. To supplement his footwork and striking skills, he studied boxing. Years later, much to the consternation of some traditionalists, he incorporated both weight training and boxing, as well as grappling techniques, into his teaching and training regimen.
By thirteen, Cho had earned his first black belt. By twenty-two, when he entered the Korean army for his two-and-a-half years of compulsory service, he was so proficient at tae kwon do that he was training special forces personnel, not just in the Korean army but in the U.S. and Indian armies, too.
In 1968, Cho immigrated to the United States and settled in Chicago. He spoke very little English, and the only thing he knew about the city was the name of its onetime gangster king, Al Capone. He didn’t know much more about the rest of the country, either. But he learned quickly. After a year, he moved to South Bend, Indiana, then Milwaukee, then New York City, usually working during the day and teaching tae kwon do in the evening before spending the night at the studio. Finally, in Providence, Rhode Island, he opened a small tae kwon do school and used the last of his meager savings to take out a small ad in the local paper. A couple of days later, he had fifty students. He never looked back. Within just a few years, Cho had opened eight schools throughout New England.
In 1973, intent on becoming the next Bruce Lee, Cho moved to Los Angeles. He purchased a martial arts studio and spent his days auditioning for movie roles and his evenings teaching. “I thought that to get in the movies, all you had to do was be a very good fighter,” says Cho. “But it isn’t as simple as that. You have to act and speak English well.”
Twenty-five years and hundreds of scripts later, Cho (whose own life, ironically, would make one hell of a movie), gave up on Hollywood and moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico. There he opened up another tae kwon do school. But the wanderlust had not quite subsided. Five years later, he packed up his bags once again and headed for O‘ahu, where fifty students were waiting for him.
Today, that number has multiplied and the Tae Kwon Do Center in Koko Marina has about 250 students. Of those, approximately eighty percent are young children. This demographic shift, a complete reversal of the composition of Cho’s student populations as recently as ten years ago, has been a phenomenon throughout the martial arts community. In addition, between forty and fifty percent of today’s students are women.
“Our Panther class is our biggest and most popular,” confirms Jasmine Cho, the grandmaster’s twenty-two-year-old daughter and the Center’s only other full-time instructor. “When we moved to Hawai‘i, we had no intention of starting out so young. But this is where martial arts [is] moving. It’s younger and it’s growing.”
Father and daughter teach the Panther class, joined by Grandmaster’s wife and Jasmine’s mother, Mihyun Cho. Watching the Cho trio work a room full of children, it looks like they have been teaching youngsters forever. While Grandmaster barks out commands, praise and reprimands, Jasmine and Mihyun attend to individual students, working on finer movements, offering words of encouragement and drying the occasional tear. It’s a mixture of tough love and tender loving care.
And how does the battle-hardened grandmaster feel about tae kwon do as after-school care? Has the transformation tarnished the tough-guy martial art? Does he pine for the days of bare-knuckled brawling?
Not at all, actually. Cho says he couldn’t be happier with the latest developments. If anything, the inclusiveness of tae kwon do and other martial arts prove what he’s been preaching for a long time now: “Before, tae kwon do was all about fighting. I used to say, ‘If you want a dance class, or an exercise class, you have to go someplace else.’ Today, if you want a dance class, you can come here. If you want an exercise class, you can come here, too. But it is still a martial art. If you teach long enough, you realize that you want to pass along the spirituality, the belief that the individual can accomplish whatever they want. It’s a lifelong lesson.
“Tae kwon do teaches you discipline, respect and patience. This is good for children,” he continues. “I don’t miss the old days. Every child, every individual, has their own ability, and you can’t teach only one way and say, ‘If you can’t learn this, you’re out.’ Most people will never be able to jump six feet. Some can’t jump an inch off the floor. But if they leave the studio better than they started, they have enjoyed the benefits of tae kwon do.” HH